Closers for Fire Doors
The reason of having a fire rated door is to protect you from fire.
Fire rated door for residential
The reason of having a fire rated door is to protect you from fire. As the regulation stated you are not needed any self closer on the doors which without it make the fire door useless. Usually the fire happens and expands during the night when people are not careful so the fire door with self-clsoer can protect the occupants of the building.
Another important feature of the fire door is the bottom gap, which is very dangerous when it comes to fire. When a fire takes place you are (as a occupant of a building) more likely to open the window to get fresh air and find a solution to escape from fire. This is very wrong as fire needs air to expand and will get more power. So by opening the window you will reduce the chances of the door to achieve their purpose of 30 min fire barrier.
The commercial part of fire regulation is very clear and all the doors require self-closer and so other signs.
This is achieved with door closers which can be uncomfortable as you want to move freely through your apartment without having to open heavy fire doors. Anther option is to use fire door retainers, these will keep the fire doors open, though. A fire door retainer will release the fire door and allow the door to close when there is a fire alarm going off.
Where fire-resisting partitions are required, any doorways within them must be fitted with fire- resisting door assemblies providing fire resistance at least to the same standard as the requirement for the partition itself – so 30-minute partitions will require a 30-minute fire-resisting door, 60-minute partitions a 60-minute door:
• 30-minute doorsets are specified as FD30 (or E 30) • 60-minute doorsets are specified as FD60 (or E 60)
Code Requirements For Fire Doors
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 80, Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives, is referenced by the International Building Code (IBC), International Fire Code (IFC), NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, and other codes and standards. NFPA 105, Standard for the Installation of Smoke Door Assemblies and Other Opening Protectives, addresses smoke doors and is also referenced in these publications.
Some fire door requirements are included within the applicable building or fire code, but NFPA 80 and 105 are referenced for many of the detailed requirements. For product-specific issues, the manufacturer’s listings must be referenced.
Panic hardware installed on fire doors, like the one pictured above, must be ‘fire exit hardware,’ which will not be equipped with mechanical dogging—the ability to hold the latch retracted. Electric latch retraction may be used to dog fire exit hardware, as long as the latch projects automatically upon fire alarm.
If your doors are fire doors, then they need to be kept closed at all times (unless being used, of course) to stop the spread of fire.